Federal Water Management Cell (FWMC) was established in 1977 as a “Wing” of Ministry of Food, Agriculture, Livestock and Cooperatives and was fully functional during 1979. The main objectives of the Cell was to ensure adequate water availability to the farmers at farm gate at the right time by solving irrigation water sector problems and formulation of water resources development projects, besides, agricultural mechanization policies and strategies and land development projects prepared in consultation with the stakeholders. Having limited organizational setup, FWMC under its coordination/supervision and with the collaboration of Provincial OFWM Directorates completed various phases of OFWM Projects in assistance of World Bank (IDA/IFAD), ADB, OECF/JBIC and IDB etc. Besides this, a PSDP funded mega project titled “National Programme for Improvement of Watercourses in Pakistan” was also implemented until June, 2011, i.e. devolution of the Ministry of Food and Agriculture under 18th Constitutional and over 71,548 watercourses (including Water Storage Tanks) were improved under the flagship of this project until devolution of MINFA.