LIVESTOCK WING

Animal Husbandry Commissioner: Dr. Khurshid Ahmad
Headquarter: Room # 813, 8th Floor, Shaheed-e-Millat Secretariat, Islamabad
Phone: +92-51-9221543, 9221357, 9204732
Fax: +92-51-9206303

INTRODUCTION

Livestock sector occupies a unique position in the economic development of the country. The sector provides net source of foreign earnings, food security, cash income on daily basis, a source of employment generation at rural level, helping to reduce income variabilityon crop failure due to any reason. It is central to the livelihood of the rural poor in the country and plays an important role in poverty alleviation derives and socioeconomic uplift of our rural masses. Livestock contributed approximately 55.4 percent to the agriculture value added and 11.3 percent to national GDP during 2012-13registering 2.48% growth in agriculture value added and marginal growth of 0.9% to national GDP when compared to last year. Gross value addition of livestock at constant cost factor has increased from Rs. 1,130 billion (2010-12) to Rs. 1172 billion (2012-13) showing an increase of 3.7 % as compared to previous year.

FUNCTIONS OF LIVESTOCK WING

Consequent upon 18th Constitutional amendment, the Ministry of Livestock & Dairy Development was abolished on 5th April 2010. The technical staff of the ministry was initially attached with the M/O Commerce and later with newly created M/O National Food Security & Research in February 2012. Livestock department is allocated following functions:

  1. Animal Quarantine Departments / stations / facilities located any where in Pakistan
  2. Veterinary drugs, vaccines and animal feed additives:

i. Import and export;
ii. Procurement from abroad for Federal requirements and for inter-provincial supplies.

Livestock, poultry and livestock products:

  • Import and export; and
  • Laying down national grades

4. Grading of agricultural commodities other than food grains for export

Livestock Wing with its redefined mandate continued regulatory measures that included allowing import of high yielding animals, semen and embryos for crossbreeding; duty free import of veterinary dairy and livestock machinery / equipment, allowing import of feed inputs, vaccines at zero rates etc. In order to reduce input costs in livestock / poultry feed production, certain feed ingredients, growth promoters, vitamin premixes have been zero rated. Sales tax exemption has been allowed in order to encourage establishment of value added industry in the country.

POLICIES

Govt. policy is aimed at private sector led development of livestock and moving from subsistence farming to market-oriented and commercial farming covering entire value chain with Govt providing enabling environment. The overall thrust of Government livestock policy is to foster “private sector-led development with public sector providing enabling environment through policy interventions and play capacity building role for improved livestock husbandry practices”. The emphasis will be on improving per unit animal productivity and moving from subsistence to market oriented and then commercial livestock farming in the country to meet the domestic demand and surplus for export.The livestock development strategy revolves around the followings:

  1. Public Private Partnership led development
  2. National Economic growth
  3. Poverty Alleviation
  4. Food Security
  5. Improve Livestock service delivery
  6. Expand opportunities for livelihood needs of farmers
  7. Enhance Foreign Exchange Earnings

GOVERNMENT CURRENT POLICY MEASURES AND INCENTIVES FOR LIVESTOCK SECTOR

Livestock Wing with its redefined mandate continued regulatory measures to improve the pace of development in livestock sector with focus on value addition. It included the followings:

  1. The import of agro based machinery/equipment including machinery and equipment related to livestock farming and dairy processing units is allowed at zero tariffs.
  2. Import of high yielding exotic dairy and beef animals and their semen/embryo are allowed.
  3. Sales tax exemption has been allowed to processed milk, yogurt, cheese and flavored milk, butter, cream.
  4. Establishment of temporary quarantine station has been allowed in the private sector. Furthermore, these facilities can be utilized/ shared by any other livestock importer.
  5. In order to reduce input costs in poultry production; import duty on poultry vaccines, feed additives, coccidiostats, growth promoters premixes, vitamin premixes, fish feed, Zinc sulphate, Copper sulphate used in poultry feed has been zero rated.
  6. Sales tax exemption has been granted to un cooked poultry meat .

POULTRY

Poultry sector is one of the organized and vibrant segments of agriculture industry of Pakistan . This sector generates employment (direct/indirect) and income for about 1.5 million people. Its contribution in agriculture GDP is 4.81%, Livestock GDP 12 % and national GDP at constant cost factor 1.4%. Poultry meat contributes 25.8% of the total meat production in the country. The current investment in Poultry Industry is more than Rs. 200.00 billion. Poultry sector has shown a robust growth @ 8-10 percent annually which reflects its inherent potential. The poultry value added at constant cost factor has increased from Rs. 75246 million (2010-11) to 80,577 million (2011-12) showing an increase of 7% as compared to previous year.

FUTURE PLANS

Consequent upon 18 th Constitutional Amendment, the animal health and production chapters have been devolved to the provinces and now Livestock Wing, M/O National Food Security and Research has redefined its role under new mandate to serve as catalyst in the development of livestock in the country. The future plan for livestock sector is to persuade the policies to achieve more growth in meat and milk productionthrough shifting from subsistence livestock farming to market-oriented and commercial farming covering entire value chain from farm to fork. The future road map is to assist and promote activities to ensure Food security by encouraging Value added livestock industry, diversification of livestock products, Controlling Trans-boundary Animal Diseases of trade and economic importance through provincial participation. The future policy priorities therefore revolve around encouraging Public Private Partnership led development with Govt. providing enabling environment through following strategy:

Goals/Targets

Action Plan/Activities

Increase in livestock productivity (milk, meat , eggs)
  1. Allowing import of high yielding dairy animals
  2. Allowing import of semen / embryo of high yielding animal breeds
  3. Encourage provincial livestock department and private sector to establish and expand artificial insemination services in public and private sector;
  4. Encourage provincial livestock department to strengthen Semen Production Units;
  5. Encourage & promote use of modern technology of embryo transfer ; and
  6. Encourage provincial livestock department and private sector to promote and propagate elite animals through breed improvement programs in public and private sector.
Promotion of export of livestock and livestock products and byproducts.
  1. Encouragement of establishment of export oriented abattoirs and livestock by products processing units (animal casing, gelatin, bone products, horns and hoofs etc. in the private sector ;
  2. Develop livestock export parameters and procedures for facilitation & transparency;
  3. Encourage establishment of value added Industry in livestock sector ;
  4. Facilitate in import of machinery / equipment used in value addition of livestock products; and
  5. Efforts will be made for market access of our livestock products and byproducts.
Control of Transboundary livestock diseases
  1. Provincial livestock departments will be encouraged to initiate programs to control diseases of trade and economic importance; and
  2. The technical and financial assistance of foreign donor institutions ( FAO , USA etc. ) will be sought to start programs on livestock disease control.
Improvement of Animal Quarantine Stations.
  1. New projects for establishment of Animal Quarantine Offices will be initiated; and
  2. Programs to improve & strengthen facilities of Animal Quarantine Department and capacity of the staff.